Venny Veronica Natalia
This research aims to find a way to adjust the transport system to the already built urban area and identify suitable urban spatial form for the implementation of the public transit system. This research thesis set out to provide an empirical analysis of how Makassar’s urban centre identification can be used as an initial assessment to develop a suitable urban form to implement the transit-based public transport provision. The research aims divided into four steps to achieving, i.e. 1) identifying the proxy indicators to identify urban centre; 2) determining the centre hierarchy/classification; 3)comparing the results with the current and planned public transportation system; 4) defining the suitable urban forms that can be developed to support an integrated transportation system. The study takes Makassar-Indonesia as a case study. Data of urban physical characteristics are obtained from an open street map and Makassar local spatial planning authority. This research combined quantitative and qualitative approach. Spatial cluster analysis with the K-Means algorithm is used to identify the urban centres while the expert interviews are used to obtain knowledge of local information.
The results show that 1) density, diversity and design (3D) are suitable proxy indicators to identify urban centre; 2) Makassar urban centres can be classified into primary, secondary and tertiary centre; 3) Makassar’s urban centre distribution is not entirely integrated with the actual and planned public transportation system; 4) linear polycentric is an ideal form to support integrated transportation system which adopts the public transit concept to the most expanded cities. Linear polycentric can be achieved by improving the 3D around the transportation nodes and networks.