Venny Veronica Natalia
Urban Cen­tres Iden­ti­fi­ca­tion as Initial Assess­ment to Deve­lop Sui­ta­ble Urban Form to Sup­port Public Tran­sit Imple­men­ta­tion
Case Study: Makassar Indonesia

Venny Veronica Natalia

This rese­arch aims to find a way to adjust the trans­port sys­tem to the already built urban area and iden­tify sui­ta­ble urban spa­tial form for the imple­men­ta­tion of the public tran­sit sys­tem. This rese­arch the­sis set out to pro­vide an empi­ri­cal ana­ly­sis of how Makassar’s urban centre iden­ti­fi­ca­tion can be used as an initial assess­ment to deve­lop a sui­ta­ble urban form to imple­ment the tran­sit-based public trans­port pro­vi­sion. The rese­arch aims divi­ded into four steps to achie­ving, i.e. 1) iden­ti­fy­ing the proxy indi­ca­tors to iden­tify urban centre; 2) deter­mi­ning the centre hierarchy/​classification; 3)comparing the results with the cur­rent and plan­ned public trans­por­ta­tion sys­tem; 4) defi­ning the sui­ta­ble urban forms that can be deve­lo­ped to sup­port an inte­gra­ted trans­por­ta­tion sys­tem. The study takes Makas­sar-Indo­ne­sia as a case study. Data of urban phy­si­cal cha­rac­te­ris­tics are obtai­ned from an open street map and Makas­sar local spa­tial plan­ning aut­ho­rity. This rese­arch com­bi­ned quan­ti­ta­tive and qua­li­ta­tive approach. Spa­tial clus­ter ana­ly­sis with the K‑Means algo­rithm is used to iden­tify the urban cen­tres while the expert inter­views are used to obtain know­ledge of local infor­ma­tion.

The results show that 1) den­sity, diver­sity and design (3D) are sui­ta­ble proxy indi­ca­tors to iden­tify urban centre; 2) Makas­sar urban cen­tres can be clas­si­fied into pri­mary, secon­dary and ter­tiary centre; 3) Makassar’s urban centre dis­tri­bu­tion is not ent­i­rely inte­gra­ted with the actual and plan­ned public trans­por­ta­tion sys­tem; 4) linear poly­centric is an ideal form to sup­port inte­gra­ted trans­por­ta­tion sys­tem which adopts the public tran­sit con­cept to the most expan­ded cities. Linear poly­centric can be achie­ved by impro­ving the 3D around the trans­por­ta­tion nodes and net­works.